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Chipped-Stone Tools

People’s tool kits included many carefully crafted implements. Unfortunately their handles haven’t survived the area’s acidic soil.

Some tools were easier to make. Simple flakes, for example, were sharp enough to butcher animals. Others − like spears and arrowheads − were more complex. The earliest hunters used spears. Then, in the last 3,000 years, the bow and arrow became popular because of its greater range and accuracy.

Archaeologists have much to learn about how tools were held on handles and used. Scrapers may have been used for hide preparation or wood-working. Spear points may have been used as knives.

Elizabeth Brien using a mihchihkun (flesher)  with a stone tip to clean a moose hide.

Elizabeth Brien using a mihchihkun (flesher) with a stone tip to clean a moose hide.

Abel Brien uses a stone flake  to butcher a caribou.

Abel Brien uses a stone flake to butcher a caribou.

Drill and drill bits.Drill and drill bits.

Drill and drill bits.

Knives.Knives.

Knives.

Arrowheads and spear / dart points.Arrowheads and spear / dart points.

Arrowheads and spear / dart points.

Scrapers.Scrapers.

Scrapers.