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Ground and Polished Stone

People’s tool kits also included grinding and pounding stones made from smooth, hard rocks often found along river banks. Living on the land required that people put food aside for periods of the year when game was inaccessible. Grinding stones were used to grind dried meat and fish into yuuhiikanach, a powder that could be stored for a long time. And muushkamii, a favourite drink, was made by crushing and boiling  bones to extract the grease. The pounding and grinding were done on an aatan, a flat rock. When people moved, they left the tools near the hearth, ready for their return.

Josephine Diamond making yuuhiikanach (dried fish meal) on a aatan.  Josephine Diamond making yuuhiikanach (dried fish meal) on a aatan.

Josephine Diamond making yuuhiikanach (dried fish meal) on a aatan.

Josephine Diamond making yuuhiikanach (dried fish meal) on a aatan.  Josephine Diamond making yuuhiikanach (dried fish meal) on a aatan.

Josephine Diamond making yuuhiikanach (dried fish meal) on a aatan.

Polished stone tool, possibly an adze for wood-working,  or a flesher.

Polished stone tool, possibly an adze for wood-working, or a flesher.

Polishing stone, probably for sharpening bone tools.